Jordan, June 14, 2018
Syrian refugee crisis increased water demand by 22%

Syrian refugees crisis increased water demand by 22% in Jordan, and by 44% in the northern governorates, a study revealed.

The study, conducted by the University of Jordan in cooperation with the and the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, and funded by the German Agency for international Cooperation (GIZ), showed that water per capita in Jordan is 88 per cent below the international water poverty line of 1000 The study dubbed 'water situation in Jordan' indicated that water evaporation rate in the Badia reaches 99% while it stands at 63% in the mountainous areas. The percentage is very high and will exacerbate the water shortage problem in the Kingdom, it explained.

The climate of Jordan is classified as dry to semi-dry and the rainy season cannot be predicted due to irregularity each year. The fluctuation in precipitation and decrease in the rate of groundwater recharge or surface flows is one of the main factors affecting the water situation in the Kingdom.

The study highlighted challenges that Jordan face such as the scarcity of water resources, water deficit, the climate, high costs of projects, the sewerage system, costs of transferring water to rural areas, and waves of migrants to the kingdom.